Aquilegia canadensis L.
Also Called: Eastern red columbine, wild red columbine.
Flowering Period: May, June, July
Family: Buttercup ( Ranunculaceae )
Height: up to 2 feet
Life Span: Perennial
Stems: Slender and much-branched.
Leaves: Leaflets are oval with rounded lobes. The compound leaves divided into round-lobed threes. Leave colors can be green to blue-green.
Flowers: Red and yellow, dropping, bell-like flowers equipped with distinctly backward-pointing tubes. These tubes contain nectar that attracts long-tongued insects and hummingbirds. Flowers are similar to Blue Columbines. Colored sepals and many yellow stamens hanging below the petals.
Fruits: Erect, five parallel ascending follicles with out-curving tips.
Habitat: Steep and rocky but somewhat moist open sites, such as wooded bluffs of streams, wooded slopes, stream banks, banks and slopes of deep ravines, limestone bluffs and ledges, borders and clearings in deciduous or mixed woods or thickets.
Reproduction: By seeds. Flowers go to seed approximately 2 weeks after emerging.
Uses: Native Americans rubbed the crushed seeds on the hands of men as a love charm. Gardeners add i to native plant gardens, woodland gardens, cottage gardens or naturalized areas.